(It’s good at the beginning of projects to research what’s come before, and Joe is pretty spectacular at finding references and explaining what’s interesting about each one. He’s done this for a few projects now, but we’ve never made his research public. Last year Joe put together a set of appearances of videophones in film. It’s a lovely collection, and it was a stimulating way to think around the subject! So I asked him to share it here. -Matt W)
Features wall-mounted analogue videophone. Joh Fredersen appears to use four separate dials to arrive at the correct frequency for the call. Two assign the correct call location and two smaller ones provide fine video tuning. He then picks up a phone receiver with one hand and uses the other to tap a rhythm on a panel that is relayed to the other phone and displayed as flashes of light to attract attention.
Transatlantic Tunnel (1935)
Features two very different pieces of industrial design at either end of the call.
This device displays similarities to the form of a TV set…
And this one has been designed to appear more like furniture. The screen is low down in a self-contained wooden unit designed a seated caller.
Out of the Unknown (1965)
User’s own image is reflected back to them until a connection is made. Possibly to confirm that the camera is working correctly. The hexagonal screen is an extension of a mobile chair.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
A public booth containing a large phone unit. The system communicates that it is in a ‘ready’ state through the screen. A call is made by entering a number into the type-pad and a connection established on pickup
Colossus: The Forbin Project (1970)
We see five or six openly shared phones and connected screens sitting on a desk in the White House.
It is apparent that a single video feed can be broadcast to multiple screens in parallel, as below, or exclusively to a single one.
Space: 1999 (1975-1977)
The monotone blue phone screen has been designed into the very architecture of the craft.
And here requiring a key to connect.
Blade Runner (1982)
An outdoor, public phone service. Network information is displayed on screen implying that it is subject to change. When Deckard begins to dial a ‘transmitting’ notification appears. The cost of the call is shown when the receiver line is closed.
The screen is used as a canvas, covered in scrawled messages. A cross indicates the optimal position for viewer’s head.
Back to the Future Part II (1989)
Marty McFly is contacted by Needles his coworker. The video feed features personal information about the person in view, favourite drinks and hobbies.
Real-time message input can be expressed as video overlays.
Or push print-outs.
When not in use the screen displays a Van Gogh self portrait.
The Jetsons (1962-1988)
Videophones throughout the series. Rather than command desk space they lower from the ceiling when required. They appear to come with either a handset or microphone.
Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982)
Circular screen set into a square frame emerging from a pillar unit.
Gremlins 2: The New Batch (1990)
Shows a AT&T VideoPhone 2500 prototype with space for hand written addresses. When the video feed is lost the system defaults to a voice exchange through the handset.
Star Trek Nemesis (2002)
Pop-up screen set into the desk. Appears when call is received. Only visible when required.
The Rock (1996)
One way video stream displayed on multiple, wall inset screens.
The Simpsons: Lisa’s Wedding (1995)
A “Picturephone” uses a rotary dial to make calls. A camera housed in the device is distinctly visible in a trapezium above the screen. Set in the future, the device seems to be a new invention that Marge isn’t quite used to yet, as she visibly crosses her fingers guaranteeing that Homer will behave at the forthcoming wedding.
Ruggedised video phone for use in zero gravity. No function available for hiding outgoing video stream is evident as Sam Bell uses his hand to cover the camera.
1. Joey said on 13 March 2012...
I think the third one down (out of the unknown) is from ‘The Machine Stops’ – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Machine_Stops, http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2072180223855159236 watched this recently.
2. erin said on 13 March 2012...
Not forgetting Wim Wenders’ 1991 SciFi “Until the End of the World”, which featured several branded visions of the public videophone, namely Sony and Samsung, if I remember correctly.
It was all part of my dissertation ‘The Value of [Product] Design in Film’ many moons ago before any digital access or recording.
I can’t find any relevant images, but will try to retweet when I do.
Great list and images, Joe.
3. Jameel said on 13 March 2012...
Not strictly a videophone, but surely worth a mention:
4. Edd Parris said on 13 March 2012...
I was surprised to not see more 9:16 screens, this seemed to a fad during the 80’s and early 90’s sci-fi films.
Off the top of my head Total recall and Demolition man had videophones of this orientation
There is a great tumblr here of just computer screens from TV and film, http://accessmaincomputerfile.net/
5. Jeff B said on 13 March 2012...
I thought one of the better ones was in the beginning of “Aliens”
6. Ilona said on 14 March 2012...
Taffey Lewis’s Bar phone – 4th sector, Blade Runner
and Darth Vaders, projector conference system with The Emperor, In Empire Strikes Back
7. Dan said on 15 March 2012...
Does the Interocitor count as a videophone too?
8. Jean-no said on 15 March 2012...
I’m sorry it’s all in french but I wrote something about the public videophones here. Videophones aren’t rare (think of George du Maurier, Albert Robida or Jules Verne at the end of the XIXth), put public videophones are a little bit more rare in fiction, I’d say they are typical of Cyberpunk, and I notice one funny thing : they have been invented in fiction after Bell/AT&T made them in the real world.
9. Wood said on 15 March 2012...
Here’s a good article on public videophones in movies and real life (it’s in French, but there are references and pictures) :
10. joe said on 30 May 2012...
total recall had one too
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